7 Aug 2012

Belajar STRUCTURE / GRAMMAR TOEFL 6

Skill 6: Gunakan kata penghubung coordinate connector dengan betul

Banyak kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris mempunyai lebih dari 1 klausa (clause):
  • I am learning.
  • Mom is cooking, and dad is working in the garden.
  • The girl who is looking at me is my neighbour.
Kalimat pertama cuma mempunyai 1 klausa sementara kedua kalimat terakhir mempunyai 2 klausa yang pertama 'mom is cooking' dan 'dad is working in the garden.' Yang ke dua 'the girl is my neighbor' dan 'who is looking at me.' Dari contoh di atas dapat kita simpulkan bahwa klausa merupakan bagian dari kalimat atau kalimat itu sendiri yang mempunyai satu subjek dan satu verb. Umumnya diartikan bahwa klausa itu merupakan sekumpulan kata yang berisi sebuah subjek dan sebuah verb.
Pada skill ini akan dipelajari mengenai bentuk-bentuk kata penghubung coordinate connector serta penggunaannya dalam kalimat. Coordinate connector digunakan untuk  menghubungkan antara satu klausa dengan klausa yang lain. Contoh coordinate connector yang umum yaitu: and, but, or, so, yet (tapi). Perhatikan penggunaan koma sebelumnya.
  • Tom is singing, and Paul is dancing.
  • Tom is tall, but Paul is short.
  • Tom must write the letter, or Paul will do it.
  • Tom told a joke, so Paul laughed.
  • Tom is tired, yet he is not going to  sleep.
Contoh di bawah ini menggambarkan bagaimana coordinate connector dijadikan sebagai soal dalam test Structure TOEFL
 
Contoh
A power failure occured, _____ the lamps went out.
a) then
b) so
c) later
d) next
Dari kalimat di atas dapat kita ketahui bahwa kalimat tersebut mempunyai dua klausa 'a power failure occured' dan 'the lamps went out'. Jadi kalimat tersebut butuh sebuah coordinate connector untuk menghubungkan ke dua klausa tersebut. Dari pilihan jawaban yang ada hanya 1 bentuk connector yaitu so. Jadi jawaban paling tepat yaitu b) so.

Contoh soal:
    1. The software should be used on an IBM computer, and this computer is an IBM.
    2. The rain clouds can be seen in the distance, but no has fallen.
    3. They are trying to sell their home, it has been on the market for two months.
    4. So the quality of the print was not good, I changed the typewriter ribbon.
    5. The lifeguard will warn you about the riptides, or she may require you to get out of the water.
    6. You should have finished the work yesterday, yet is not close to being finished.
    7. The phone rang again and again, so the receptionist was not able to get much work done. (Correct) 
    8. The missing wallet was found, but the cash and credit cards had been removed.
    9. Or you can drive your car for another 2, 0000 miles, you can get it fixed. 
    10. The chemist was awarded the Nobel Prize, he flew to Europe to accept it.
    Ket:.
    Yang diblok merupakan subjek.
    Yang diblok dan digaris bawahi merupakan verb (kata kerja).
    Yang dimiringkan merupakan coordinate coordinator.

    Pada kalimat 1, 5, 7, dan 8 merupakan bentuk kalimat yang benar (sudah terdapat subjek dan verb) beserta penggunaan  coordinate coordinator telah benar.
    Pada kalimat 2 dan 6 kehilangan subjek. No. 3 dan 10 kehilangan connector. No. 4 dan 9 juga salah karena salah penempatan connector. Sementara no. 
    1. The software should be used on an IBM computer, and this computer is an IBM.
    2. The rain clouds can be seen in the distance, but no no rain has fallen.
    3. They are trying to sell their home, and it has been on the market for two months.
    4. So The quality of the print was not good, so I changed the typewriter ribbon.
    5. The lifeguard will warn you about the riptides, or she may require you to get out of the water.
    6. You should have finished the work yesterday, yet it is not close to being finished.
    7. The phone rang again and again, so the receptionist was not able to get much work done. (Correct) 
    8. The missing wallet was found, but the cash and credit cards had been removed.
    9. Or You can drive your car for another 2, 0000 miles, you can get it fixed. 
    10. The chemist was awarded the Nobel Prize, so he flew to Europe to accept it.
    Lihat juga:

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