Measles, a childhood disease, has caused sufferings to mankind for thousands of years. However, the search for an effective measles vaccine, lasted two hundred years and has finally ended in success. Now, for the first time, easels is a preventable disease. You may ask, 'How is this important to children? Every year measles kills twice as many Americans as polio now does. More children die from measles than from any other common childhood disease. Also complications of some degree occur in about one child out of six. Most complications include pneumonia and ear disorders. Another after effect of measles - brain damage is less common, but it can have such serious consequences that it deserves special attention.
Brain damage due to easels sounds like something far away from our experience. In reality, it is no. Like any other injury, damage to the brain can be very slight or very severe. It is quite possible that we have never seen or heard a child who has severe brain damage - the child would either have died or would be in an institution. However, in medical research a relation has been found between measles and such things as behavior problems, personality changes and dulling of mental ability. For example, a child may be bad-tempered or a little slow to learn after he has recovered from measles.
1. The main information of the text is that....
A. measles has been a disease for thousands of years
B. after 200 years of research an effective measles vaccine was found
C. measles is a serious disease greatly neglected in the past
D. a lot of research was done on the complications of measles
E. measles may have bad effects on children who get the disease
2. Which of the following statements is TRUE about measles?
A. The number of children in the USA killed by measles is smaller than that killed by polio
B. Medical research revealed that measles may cause brain damage
C. In the USA children with brain damage have all been measles patients,
D. Research findings show that pneumonia and ear disorders may cause measles
E. Children who get measles will have pneumonia and ear disorders at the sometime
3. One of the important findings of the research on measles is that....
A. children who have got measles may become difficult to handle because of their behaviour
B. in reality, there are no measles patients who get brain damage
C. personality changes already occur at the time a child has measles
D. measles can cause children to become physically handicapped
E. measles is the first killer of childhood diseases in the world
4. "Which of the following in NOT an after-effect of measles?
B. Ear disorders
C. Personality changes
D. Slow learning
5. 'or would be in an institution' (paragraph 3).
The underlined word means
A. an orphanage
B. a rehabilitation centre
C. a hospital
D. a company
E. a public school