7 Dec 2012

Belajar Listening TOEFL 4

Skill 4: Tariklah sebuah kesimpulan terkait Who, What, dan Where

1.       Tariklah sebuah kesimpulan terkait Who (siapa)
Hal yang umum dalam tes TOEFL Listening Part A meminta Anda untuk menarik beberapa bentuk kesimpulan. Tipe pertanyaan ini, jawaban tidak dinyatakan dengan jelas. Olehnya Anda harus menarik sebuah kesimpulan berdasarkan petunjuk yang diberikan di percakapan. Salah satu tipe yang umum dalam ditanyakan yaitu terkait “siapa yang berbicara (who the speaker is), berdasarkan petunjuk yang diberikan di percakapan.

Example:
On the recording, you hear:
   (woman)     Can you tell me what assignment I missed when I was absent from your class?
   (man)          You missed one homework assignment and a quiz.
   (narrator)    Who is the man?

In your test book, you read:
(A)    A newspaper editor.
(B)   A police officer.
(C)   A teacher.
(D)   A student.


Kata kunci seperti class, homework, dan quiz dalam percakapan memberitahu bahwa laki laki itu kemungkinannya adalah seorang guru. Olehnya jawaban yang benar yaitu (C).

2.       Tariklah sebuah kesimpulan terkait What (apa)
Jenis lain yang umum dalam tes TOEFL Listening Part A meminta Anda untuk menentukan apa yang akan terjadi selanjutnya, berdasarkan petunjuk atau kata-kata kunci dalam percakapan.

 Example:
On the recording, you hear:
   (woman)     Are you going to read those books here in the library?
   (man)          I think I’d rather check them out now and take them home.
   (narrator)    What will the man probably do next?

In your test book, you read:
(A)    Sit down in the library.
(B)   Look for some more books.
(C)   Return the books to the shelves.
(D)   Go to the circulation desk.

Laki-laki itu berkata bahwa dia ingin meminjam buku-buku itu sekarang (check the books out now).  Karena circulation desk merupakan tempat untuk meminjam buku dari perpustakaan, laki-laki tersebut kemungkinan selanjutnya akan pergi ke circulation desk. Olehnnya jawaban yang benar yaitu (D).

3.       Tariklah sebuah kesimpulan terkait Where (di mana)
Jenis lain yang umum dalam tes TOEFL Listening Part A meminta Anda untuk menentukan di mana percakapan sedang berlangsung, berdasarkan petunjuk atau kata-kata kunci dalam percakapan.

 Example:
On the recording, you hear:
  (woman)       Are you going into the water, or are you just going to lie there on the sand?
  (man)            I think I need to put on some suntan lotion.
  (narrator)      Where does the conversation probably take place?

In your test book, you read:
(A)    At the beauty salon.
(B)   At the beach.
(C)   In a sandbox.
(D)   At an outdoor restaurant.

Kata-kunci atau petunjuknya terletak pada kata water, sand, dan suntan lotion. Dari kata-kata tersebut bisa kita tarik kesimpuan bahwa tempat percakapan ini berlangsung di pantai (at the beach). Olehnya jawaban yang benar yaitu (B).

CONCLUSION ABOUT WHO, WHAT, WHERE
It is common for you to be asked to draw one of the following conclusions in listening in Part A:
1. WHO is probably talking?
2. WHAT will s/he probably do next?
3. WHERE does the conversation probably take place?

Exercise 4: In this exercise, read the short conversation and question, underline the clues that help you answer the question, and then choose the best answer. You will have to draw conclusions about who, what, and where.

1.   (man)         I'd like to deposit this check in my account, please.
      (woman)    Would you like any cash back?
      (narrator)    Who is the woman?

     (A) A store clerk.
     (B) A Bank Teller.
     (C) An Accountant.
     (D) A Waitress.

2.  (woman)     Have you deposited your paycheck yet?
     (man)          No, but that's next on my list of errands.
    (narrator)     What will the man probably do?

       (A) Earn his paycheck.
       (B) Write a check for a deposit on an apartment.
       (C) Go to a bank.
       (D) Make a list of errands to run.

3.  (man)           Did you get the bread, eggs, and milk?
      (woman)     Now we need to stand in line at the checkout counter.
      (narrator)    Where does the conversation probably take places?

      (A) In a restaurant.
      (B) At a library.
      (C) On a farm.
      (D) In a market.

TOEFL EXERCISE 4: In this exercise, listen carefully to the short conversation and question on the tape, and then choose the best answer to the question. You will have to draw conclusions about who, what, and where.
Silahkan klik audio di samping untuk mendengarkan rekamannya. Tunggu beberapa saat untuk loading. Bisa di download (denganIDM). 


1. (A) In the photography studio.
(B) In a biology laboratory.
(C)In an office.
(D)In the library.

2. (A) He’s a pilot.
(B) He’s a flight attendant.
(C)He’s a member of the grounds crew.
(D)He works clearing land.

3. (A) Wash the dishes immediately.
(B) Use as many dishes as possible.
(C)Wash   the   dishes   for   as   long   as possible.
(D)Wait until later to clean up.

4. (A) In a bank.
(B) In a restaurant.
(C)At a service station.
(D)In a beautiful salon.

5. (A) A salesclerk in a shoe store.
(B) A shoe repair person.
(C)A party caterer.
(D)A salesclerk in a fixtures department.

6. (A) On a playground.
(B) In a parking lot.
(C)At a zoo.
(D)In a photo studio.

7. (A) Respond to the mail.
(B) Put the letters in a file.
(C)It depends on where the files is.
(D)File the answers she received to the letters.

8. (A) In an airplane.
(B) In a police car.
(C)In a theater.
(D)At a fireworks exhibit.

9. (A) Take care of Bob.
(B) Invite Bob to dinner.
(C)Let Bob know that they accept his invitation.
(D)Respond to the woman’s question.

10.(A) A pharmacist.
(B) A dentist.
(C)A teacher.
(D)A business manager.

Click here for the answer key.

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