3 Aug 2011

Pengertian dan Bentuk Agreement atau Concord

Agreement (kesesuaian) dipakai Ketika seseorang melakukan sesuatu dan kemudian menambahkan bahwa ada orang lain melakukan hal yang sama. Ada 2 macam cara dalam menyampaikan agreement yaitu untuk pernyataan positif menggunakan kata “too” atau “so”. Cara yang ke dua yaitu agreement untuk pernyataan yang berbentuk negatif menggunakan kata “either” atau “neither.” Nama lain dari agreement adalah concord.
Tahu gak kalu “agreement” itu juga sering kita pakai sehari-hari dalam bahasa Indonesia lho. Contohnya:
·         Muammar Jumran adalah siswa pendidikan Bahasa Inggris UIN Alauddin Makassar dan begitupun Mursalin.
·         Ahkam tidak datang ke kampus kemarin dan Irma juga tidak.
·         Ayahnya Iswahyudi adalah seorang guru dan demikian pula ayahnya Imamsyah Al-Hadi.
Nach yang digaris bawahi di kalimat di atas itulah yang dikatakan “agreement” juga biasa dipangiil dengan nama ” concord.” Jadi, agreement dan concord itu sama aja; Cuma nama ajha yang beda.  Dah mengerti kan? Kan? Kan? Hehehehe ^_^
So let’s see the following explanation. ^_^


I.  Positive agreement
Rumus
·         SUBJECT + AUXILIARY VERB + TOO
·         SO + AUXILIARY VERB + SUBJECT

Auxiliary verbs: is, are, am, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, can, will, could, would, shall, may, might, etc.
INGAT!!! Lau gak ada “auxiliary verb” gunakan do, does, atau did.perhatikan pada contoh (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), dan (l).

Contoh:
                                  a.         Afdal is happy, and Indri is too.
                                  b.         Afdal is happy, and so is Indri.
                                  c.          Ishardiansyah will be in the United States in August, and Muh. Rifqy will too.
                                 d.         Ishardiansyah will be in the United States in August, and so will Muh. Rifqy.
                                 e.         Mismar and Muh. Ikhsan Nur go to campus, and so do Muh. Jusran and Muh. Aslam.
                                  f.          Mismar and Muh. Ikhsan Nur go to campus, and Muh. Jusran and Muh. Aslam do too.
                                  g.         Marhamah goes that campus, and Sudarman does too.
                                 h.          Marhamah goes that campus, and so does Sudarman.
                                   i.          Karmila went to the mountains on her vacation, and so did Anto.
                                  j.          Karmila went to the mountains on her vacation, and Anto did too.
                                  k.         Ahkam has two wives, and so does Ali.
                                   l.          Ahkam has two wives, and Ali does too.
                                m.        Ahkam has married two girls, and so has Ali.
                                 n.         Ahkam has married two girls, and Ali has too.
                                 o.         He has seen her plays, and the girls have too.
                                 p.         He has seen her plays, and so have the girls.


II.   Negative agreement
Rumus:
·         SUBJECT + AUXILIARY VERB (NEGATIVE) + EITHER
·         NEITHER + AUXILIARY VERB (POSITIVE) + SUBJECT
Contoh:
                                  a.         I didn’t see Ina this morning, and Hasnawati didn’t either.
                                 b.         I didn’t see Ina this morning, and neither did Hasnawati.
                                  c.          Ikhsan won’t be going to the conference, and his friends won’t either.
                                 d.         Ikhsan won’t be going to the conference, and neither will his friends.
                                 e.         Irmayasari hasn’t seen the movie yet, and Maulidah Nur hasn’t either.
                                  f.          Irmayasari hasn’t seen the movie yet, and neither has Maulidah Nur.

 
Sumber: 
·         Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide by Michael A. Pyle, M. A. and Mary Ellen Munoz Page, M. A.
·         Let’s speak English oleh Imam Baehaqi.

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