3 Jan 2013

Daftar kata kerja diikuti oleh infinitive

  1. afford
I can't afford to buy it.

  2. agree
They agreed to help us.

  3. appear
She appears to be tired.

  4. arrange
I'll arrange to meet you at the  

airport.

  5. ask
He asked to come with us.

  6. can't bear·*
I can't bear to wait in long lines.

  7. beg
He begged to come with us.

  8. begin*
It began to rain.

  9. care
I don't care to see that show.

10. claim
She claims to know a famous movie

star.

11. consent
She finally consented to marry him.

12. continue*
He continued to speak.

13. decide
I have decided to leave on Monday.

14. demand
I demand to know who is responsible.

15. deserve
She deserves to win the prize.

16. expect
I expect to enter graduate school in 

the fall.

17. fail
She failed to return the book to 

the library on time.

18. forget*
I forgot to mail the letter.

19. hate*
I hate to make silly mistakes.

20. hesitate
Don't hesitate to ask for my help.

21. hope
Jack hopes to arrive next week.

22. learn
He learned to play the piano.

23. like*
I like to go to the movies.

24. love*
I love to go to operas.
25. manage
She managed to finish her work early.
26. mean
I didn't mean to hurt your feelings.
27. need
I need to have your opinion.
28. offer
They offered to help us.
29. plan
I am planning to have a party.
30. prefer*
Ann prefers to walk to work.
31. prepare
We prepared to welcome them.
32. pretend
He pretends not to understand.
33. promise
I promise not to be late.
34. refuse
I refuse to believe his story.
35. regret*
I regret to tell you that you failed.
36. remember*
I remembered to lock the door.
37. seem
Theat cat seems to be friendly
38. cant' stand*
I can't stand to wait in long lines.
39. start*
It started to rain.
40. struggle
I struggled to stay awake.
41. swear
She swore to tell the truth.
42. threaten
She threatened to tell my parents.
43. try*
I'm trying to learn English.
44. volunteer
He volunteered to help us.
45. wait
I will wait to hear from you. 
46. want
I want to tell you something.
47. wish
She wishes to come with us.

Penjelasan:
Kata kerja yang ditandai dengan sebuah bullet (*) juga bisa diikuti verb infinitive. Kata kerja yang berwarna merah mempunyai arti yang berbeda ketika diikuti verb gerunda atau verb infinitive.
  • Forget
    a) I often forget to lock the door. (saya sering lupa untuk mengunci pintu)
    b) I'll never forget seeing America for the first time. (saya tidak akan pernah melupakan kenangan Amerika ketika aku melihatnya untuk pertama kalinya)
    Forget + infinitive bermakan lupa untuk melakukan sebuah kewajiban/tugas.
    Forget + gerund bermakna melupakan sesuatu yang terjadi di masa lampau. Forget + gerund biasanya hanya teradi pada kalimat negativedan question.
  • Prefer
    a) I prefer staying home to going to the concert.
    b) I prefer to stay home than go to the concert.
    Forget + gerund atau forget + infinitive mempunyai makna yang tidak berbeda. Perbedaannya terletak pada bentuk struktur kalimatnya. Perhatikan TO dan THANTo dan than diatas bermakna daripada.
  • Regret
    a) We regret to tell you that you failed the test.(kami menyesal harus mengatakan bahwa Anda tidak lulus)
    b) I regret telling him the secret. He told every one about that secret. (saya menyesal telah menceritakan rahasia itu kepadanya. Dia menceritakan semua orang tentang rahasia itu)
    Regret + infinitive bermakna menceritakan suatu kabar buruk/tidak sesuai harapan.
    Regret + gerund bermakna menyesal atas kejadian yang telah terjadi.
  • Remember
    a) Mike always remembers to lock the door. (Mike selalu ingat untuk mengunci pintu)
    b) I remember seeing my wife for the first time. She looked so beautiful. (saya mengenang kenangan ketika saya melihat istri saya untuk pertama kalinya. Dia nampak begitu cantik)
    Remember + infinitive bermakna ingat untuk melakukan tugas.
    Remember + gerund bermakna mengenang kejadian masa lalu.
  • Stop
    a) My grandma stopped smoking when he was 30. (kakek saya berhenti merokok ketika berumur 30 tahun)
    b) When I was walking down the street, I stopped to talk to my old friend. (ketika saya sedang jalan-jalan, saya berhenti untuk berbicara ke seorang teman lama saya)
    Stop + gerund bermakna berhenti.
    Stop + infinitive bermakna berhenti dengan tujuan.
  • Try
    a) I'm trying to learn English.
    b) The room was hot. I tried opening the window, but that didn't help. So I tried turning on the fan, but I was still hot. Finally, I turned on the air conditioner.
    Try + infinitive bermakna mencoba.
    Try + gerunda bermakna bereksperimen atau mencoba dengan cara yang baru/berbeda untuk tahu apa berhasil atau tidak.




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