“Jika anak Adam meninggal, maka amalnya terputus kecuali dari tiga perkara, sedekah jariyah (wakaf), ilmu yang bermanfaat, dan anak shaleh yang berdoa kepadanya.” (HR Muslim).

May 25, 2012

Contoh, Rumus, dan Pembentukan kalimat The Passive Voice


Passive Voice


Membentuk Kalimat Passive

Dalam kalimat pasif, objek dari kalimat aktif menjadi subjek di kalimat pasifContoh:
Active: The children helped the old man.
Passive: The old man was helped by the children.

Dari contoh di atas, terlihat bahwa objek (the old man) di kalimat aktif menjadi subjek di kalimat passive. Hanya kalimat transitif (kalimat yang membutuhkan objek) yang digunakan dalam kalimat passif. Contoh:
Active: An accident happened.
Passive: (tidak ada)

Pembentukan kalimat passive

ACTIVE
PASSIVE
Simple present
The boy recites the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân is recited
by the boy.
Present continuous
The boy is reciting the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân is being recited
by the boy.
Present perfect
The boy has recited the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân has been recited
by the boy.
Simple past
The boy recited the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân was recited
by the boy.
Past continuous
The boy was reciting the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân was being recited
by the boy.
Past perfect
The boy had recited the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân had been recited
by the boy.
(Simple) future
The boy will recite the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân will be recited
by the boy.
Future perfect
The boy would have recited the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân would have been
recited by the boy.
To be going to
The boy is going to recite the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân is going to be recited by the boy.
Infinitive “to”
The boy has to recite the holy Qurân.
The holy Qurân has to be recited
by the boy.
Present participle/
Gerund
I like inviting friends to my home
I like being invited to your home.

Catatan:
  1. Present perfect continuous, past perfect continuous, future continuous, dan future perfect continuous tidak dipakai dalam kalimat passive.
  2. Biasanya kalimat pasif digunakan tanpa kata by. Kalimat pasif umumnya digunakan ketika pelaku (subjek) tidak dikenal atau tidak penting untuk diketahui. Kata-kata by people, by me, by you, by the, by someone, by a man, by a boy, by the servant, dan seterusnya tidak perlu dipakai. Contoh: (a)  Rice is grown in India by someone.   (b) English is spoken all over the world by people.
  3.  “will dan would” di atas mewakili bentuk kata modal dan frasa modal lainnya: should, can, must, may, shall, had better, ought to, have to, is supposed to dan lainnya.
Pembentukan kalimat passive dalam bentuk pertanyaan

ACTIVE
PASSIVE
Simple present
Do you paint the room beautifully?
Is the room beautifully painted
 by you?
Present continuous
Are you painting the room beautifully?
Is the room being beautifully painted?
Present perfect
Have you painted the room beautifully?
Has the room been beautifully painted?
Simple past
Did you paint the room beautifully?
Was the room beautifully painted?
Past continuous
Were you painting the room beautifully?
Was the room being beautifully
 painted?
Past perfect
Had you painted the room beautifully?
Had the room been beautifully
painted?
(Simple) future
Will you paint the room beautifully?
Will the room be beautifully painted?
Future perfect
Will you have painted the room
beautifully before I come home?
Will the room have been beautifully
painted before I come home?
Infinitive “to”
Do you have to paint the room
Beautifully?
Does the room have to be beautifully painted?

Di dalam kalimat passive kata keterangan cara seperti beautifully, well, dan sebagainya biasanya diletakkan sebelum kata kerja ke III nya atau past participle. Contoh: The room was beautifully painted.


Rumus Passive Voice

Am, is, are, was, were



+ Verb III/Kata kerja ke III
Modal
(Will, shall, can, may, must, should, dll)
+ Be
Have, has, had
+ Been
Am, is are, was, were, preposition,
Kata kerja diikuti oleh gerund (enjoy,
Appreciate, mind, finish, delay, dll)

+ Being




Source:
  • Mastering Modern English Structure (1987) oleh Drs. Azhar Arsyad, MA [beliau sudah menjadi Guru Besar di UIN Alauddin]
  • Understanding and Using English Grammar, Third Edition oleh Betty Schrampfer Azar




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