Developing Students’ Reading Ability by Using Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) Technique (A Classroom Action Research)
This research is intended to find empirical evidence of students reading ability development by using Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) technique in the second year of SMPN 17 Tangerang Selatan.
The method used in this research was Classroom Action Research (CAR) method in which to identify and to solve the problem on students’ reading ability. This research is initiated through the observation in the VIII-6 class at SMPN 17 Tangerang Selatan; considered as the class whose reading test score are very low. The amount of students in that class is 35. In addition, it is also initiated by interview the English teacher. In this Classroom Action Research, the writer implements the Kemmis and McTaggart design which consists of four phases. Those are planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. Meanwhile, the data is derived among from the test (pre-test and post-test), observation and interview. Therefore, this study is included into quantitative descriptive research.
The findings of this research are: (1) related to the test result, there was 12.15% improvement of students’ average score of reading after using STAD; it gained from the pre-test result, there were two students who passed the Minimum Mastery Criterion- Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal (KKM). Then in the result of post-test in cycle 1, there were 10 or 28.57% students in the class who passed the KKM considering their mean score of the test is 66.62. Next in the result of post-test in the cycle 2, there are 27 or 71.43% students who passed the KKM in which their mean score of reading test derived 72.80. (2) Related to the observation result showed that the students were more active and interested in learning reading activity in the classroom. Indeed, they could cooperate with their team. (3) Related to the interview result, it could be known that the students’ reading ability has improved and also assisted the teacher in finding the appropriate technique in teaching reading skill and engage students actively in teaching learning process.
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