“Jika anak Adam meninggal, maka amalnya terputus kecuali dari tiga perkara, sedekah jariyah (wakaf), ilmu yang bermanfaat, dan anak shaleh yang berdoa kepadanya.” (HR Muslim).

Sep 23, 2012

Teks Hortatory Exposition Soal Reading


Old Enough?

When a person old enough to be responsible for a crime? This question needs to be investigated because the current law is not good enough.

The law at present protects children aged between ten years and four years from being punished for committing crimes. It is believed that children under fourteen years are too young to realize the seriousness of their crimes. Mr. Stephen Scarlett, head of the NSW Children’s Court, describes how clever young offenders use this defense, saying that they are too young to understand that they have broken the law. Mr. Scarlett, an expert on this subject, states that the age should be dropped from fourteen to twelve years. I agree with this.

Teenagers these days are far more sophisticated than those in the past. The law should recognize this. In a recent survey some people suggested that the age for being responsible for a crime should be dropped to eight years old. This, I feel, is too young. Fourteen, however, is too old. Is there anyone who believes that a fourteen-year-old does not know that it is against the law to steal or vandalize property? By the age of twelve, children are aware of what is legal and what is not.

Public pressure creates change. It is now up to the public to put pressure on the government to change the age at which a person may be held responsible for a crime from fourteen years to twelve years. Out of date laws have no place in a modern society, especially one that needs people to be responsible for their actions.

1.      What does the text above talk about?
a.       When a person is old enough to be responsible for a crime
b.      When a person is being punished for committing crimes
c.       When children are too young to be responsible for a crime
d.      When a person is too old to be responsible for a crime
e.       When do teenagers realize the seriousness of their crimes
 
2.      In what age are the children protected by the present law from being punished for committing crimes?
a.       Ten years old
b.      Fourteen years old
c.       Ten to fourteen years old
d.      Eight years old
e.       Twelve years old

3.      In what paragraph do we find the recommendation of the text above…..
a.       In the first paragraph
b.      In the second paragraph
c.       In the third paragraph
d.      In the fourth paragraph
e.       In the fifth paragraph

4.      The part of the text which states what ought or ought not to happen is called…..
a.       Thesis
b.      Argument
c.       Elaboration
d.      Reiteration
e.       Recommendation

5.      “Teenagers these days are far more sophisticated than those in the past.
The word “those” refer to…..
a.       Days
b.      Teenagers
c.       Laws
d.      Children
e.       Crimes

6.      What type of genre does the text belong to?
a.    Analytical exposition
b.     Hortatory exposition
c.     Report
d.      Description
e.       Narrative
 
7.      “Mr. Scarlett, an expert on this subject, states that the age should be dropped from fourteen to twelve years. I agree with this.”
The underlined sentence expresses…..
a.       Argument
b.      Opinion
c.       Certainty
d.      Debate
e.      Agreement

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