30 Sep 2012

Pengertian dan Contoh Teks Narrative SMP

Teks Narrative adalah teks yang berisi tentang cerita hayalan, dongeng, ataupun kisah nyata yang telah dilebih-lebihkan. Biasanya ada nilai moral yang bisa dipetik di akhir cerita. Contoh narrative text bisa berupa cerita rakyat, cerita binatang, legenda, mitos, cerita pendek, komik, cerita kartun, dan lain-lain. Tujuan dari narrative text adalah untuk menghibur pembaca. Struktur dari narrative text 
umumnya ada 3 yaitu sebagai berikut.
  1. Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat, dan waktu. Orientation berada di awal cerita.
  2.  Complication: sebuah masalah yang diangkat yang diikuti oleh masalah-masalah lain. Complication berada di pertengahan cerita.
  3. Resolution: solusi/pemecahan dari masalah. Solusi berada di akhir cerita.
 
Struktur di atas merupakan struktur dasar dari teks narrative yang umumnya di pakai. Serdangkan bentuk atau struktur yang lainnya bisa berbentuk:
  1. Orientation
  2. Complication
  3. Evaluation:
  4. Resolution atau juga biasa disebut solution
  5. Reorientation: penutup dari cerita
  6. Coda: perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang bisa dipetik dari cerita.
     Note: Teks narrative menggunakan PAST TENSE.

Contoh: 


Long ago on the top of Mount Kinabalu in Borneo, there lived a dragon. He owned a large and beautiful pearl. People believed that he controlled the weather with it.

The emperor of China heard this and wanted the pearl. He sent his two sons, Wee Ping and Wee San to Borneo to steal it. The princes, together with one hundred soldiers, set sail for Borneo in twelve sailing junks.

When they arrived in Borneo, they set out immediately to find the famous mountain. Their journey up the rugged slopes of Mount Kinabalu proved very difficult. The dragon guarded his cave very fiercely and killed many of their soldiers.

Then Wee San had a clever idea. He climbed a tall tree, so he could see the dragon’s cave. He noted what time the dragon left his cave to hunt for food and what time he returned to it.

Next he ordered his men to make a fake pearl and a large kite. He waited until the dragon left his cave. Then he placed the fake pearl in a bag, slung it across his shoulder and flew up to the mountain-top on the kite. He exchanged the real pearl for the fake one and then his brother pulled his kite back to the ground.

The brothers quickly returned to their ships and set sail for China. They sailed safely home. The emperor was thrilled with the pearl and gave a big party to celebrate his sons’ return.

Structure:
Paragraph 1 & 2: Orientation
Paragraph 3&4: Complication
Paragraph 5: Resolution
Paragraph 6: Reoriention

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