23 May 2012

What Is Abortion?




Activity 1
READING

Read the text carefully.
Double-click on any word to find the definition in the dictionary in bottom right position.
(From Google image)
Abortion is the spontaneous or induced loss of products of conception before the occurrence of fetal viability, measured as a gestational age of less than 20 weeks or a fetal weight of 500 g or less. Abortions that occur before the 21st week of gestation are termed early or first-trimester abortions; those occur between the 12th and 20th week are termed late or second-trimester abortions. This distinction is necessary because anatomic and physiologic changes in the later weeks of gestation make treatment more difficult. Spontaneous abortions are classified as threatened, inevitable, missed, incomplete, complete, habitual, and septic. Septic abortion is most commonly associated with self-induced instrumentations. Complications include hemorrhage, septic, or endotoxic shock, acute, renal failure, and death.

First-trimester abortions are associated with embryonic, fetal, or placental abnormalities caused by congenital or genetic defects and by alterations in the intrauterine environment due to endocrine imbalance or exposure to teratogens.

Second-trimester abortions are primarily associated with maternal problems, such as infection, endocrine dysfunction, severe malnutrition, drug ingestion (including alcohol or tobacco), manipulation or abnormalities of the reproductive viscera and possibly, RH iso-immunization and blood group incompatibility between the parents. The role physical and emotional trauma is suspect. 
 (Adapted from English for Midwives 2008)


Answer the following questions based on the text. You may read the glossary below first to help you understand the passage well before you decided to start answering the questions.
  1. Explain by your own words what abortion is!
  2. What are the meaning of early or first-trimester abortions and late or second-trimester abortions? Explain them one by one!
  3. What is the difference between spontaneous and induced abortions?
  4. Why is necessary to know the distinction between early and late abortions?

GLOSSARY
­NO
TULISAN
KELAS KATA
CARA BACA
ARTI
1
Spontaneous
adjective
spa:n’tei.ni.әs
spontan
2
Induced
adjective
-in.dju:st
diinduksi
3
Fetal
adjective
'fi:.tәl
janin
4
Viability
noun
,vaI. ә’bIl.I.ti
kelangsungan hidup
5
Measured
verb
"meƷ.әr
diukur
6
Gestational
adjective
dƷes"teI. ∫әnal
Kehamilan
7
Termed:
verb
t3`:md
disebut; diistilahkan
8
Distinction
noun
dI"stIƞk. ∫әn
perbedaan
9
Treatment
noun
"tri:t.mәnt
pengobatan
10
Threatened
adjective
"θret.әn
terancam
11
Inevitable
adjective
I"nev.I.tә.bl
tak terhindarkan
12
Septic
adjective
"sep.tIk
membusuk;
menjadi infeksi
13
Instrumentations
noun
,In.strә.men"teI.∫әn
peralatan
14
Hemorrhage
noun
"hem.әr.IdƷ
pendarahan
15
Renal failure
noun
"ri:.nәl "feI.ljәr
gagal ginjal
16
Congenital
adjective
kәn"dƷen.I.tәl
bawaan
17
Alterations
noun
Ϸl.tә"reI.Sәn
perubahan
18
Intrauterine
noun
In.trә "ju:.tәr.aIn
di dalam kandungan
19
Dysfunction
noun
dIs"fɅƞk. ∫әn
kelainan fungsi
20
Severe
adjective
sI"vIәr
parah
21
Ingestion
noun
In"dƷes.t∫әn
pengkonsumsian
22
Viscera
noun
"vIs.әr.ә
jeroan; isi rongga perut
23
Incompatibility
noun
,In.kәm,pæt.I"bIl.I.ti
ketidakcocokan
24
Suspect
adjective
sә"spekt
tersangka/penyebab

Activity 2
LISTENING
While listening, complete the text. Click the audio to hear the text. 




Unsafe abortion has significant negative beyond its immediate effects on women’s health. For example, complications from unsafe abortion may women’s productivity, increasing the economic burden on poor families; cause maternal deaths that leave children motherless; cause long-term health problems, such as infertility; and result in considerable costs to already public health systems.

Source:
  • Perwata, Annie, and Aniek Maryunani. 2008. English for Midwives. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC: Jakarta.
  • Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary (an application for PC)

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