24 May 2012

The Causes of Heart Disease

(From Google image)
Activity 1
READING
Read and Listen to the text carefully. Double-click on any word to find the definition in   the dictionary in bottom right position. 

Heart disease is Western society’s number-one killer. It accounts for one -third of all deaths in America and for well over half the deaths among middle-aged men. Heart disease was relatively rare in America at the turn of the century, but it has risen dramatically since then, with a slight downturn in 1960.
Heart disease is often viewed as a disease of modern living, spurred on by the habits and the stress of industrialized society. Evidence for this idea comes from the fact that non-Western societies have relatively low rates of heart disease. And there is a higher rate of heart disease among immigrants to America, such as Japanese Americans and Chinese-Americans, than among those who remain in their native country, suggesting that something about the Western environment promotes the development of the disease.
Heart disease usually involves the formation of a fatty substance called plague in the walls of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. If the arteries become narrowed enough or blocked, the person may suffer a heart attack that is death of a region of heart muscle tissue.
Among the many factors that have been found to be related to the risk of developing heart disease are high blood pressure, a history of heart disease among one's close relatives, cigarette smoking, being relatively overweight, and a high level of a fatty substance called cholesterol in the blood. In addition to all of these well- established risk factors, it is now clear that stress can have a major impact on the development of heart disease. People who continually undergo a great deal of stress - and who lack the ability to control it - are at a significantly greater risk for disease than people who undergo less stress or who can manage stress successfully. Jobs that impose high psychological demons but that provide the worker with the little control - such as a cook, waiter, and hospital orderly - seem to breed heart disease. 
(Adapted from SPMB 2005 Regional III)



Answer the following question based on the text. You may read the glossary below first to help you understand the passage well before you decided to start answering the questions.

  1. How is heart disease in Western’s society?
  2. What are the causes of heart disease?
  3. In your point of view, why is there a higher number of heart patients among Japanese and Chinese immigrants in the US?
  4. When do people get a heart attack?
  5. What is the main idea of the third paragraph?

GLOSSARY
NO
TULISAN
KELAS KATA
UCAPAN
ARTI
1
Heart disease
Noun
hɑ:t dI"zi:z
Penyakit jantung
2
Spurred
Verb
sp3:rd
Didorong
3
Fatty
Adjective
"fæt.i
(Ber)lemak
4
Undergo
Verb
‘Ʌn.dә"gәU
Mengalami
5
Lack
Verb
læk
Kekurangan
6
Impose
Verb
Im"pәUz
Membebankan
7
Demon
Noun
"di:.mәn
Perasaaan; pikiran
8
Breed
Verb
bri:d
Menyebabkan

Activity 2
LISTENING
While listening, complete the text. Click the audio to hear the text. 


Eliminate all tobacco products to prevent heart disease.

You should be aware that all tobacco products are included as risk factors for chronic  , not just cigarettes. And, although there may be medical uses from derivatives of some social drugs, such as alcohol, there is no   use for nicotine. As soon as you stop smoking, your body begins to   itself from the devastating effects of tobacco.

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