21 May 2012

Health Practitioners and Professionals

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Health care practitioners include physicians, dentists, pharmacists (including clinical pharmacists), physician assistants, nurses (including advanced practice registered nurses), midwives, dietitians, therapists, psychologists, chiropractors, clinical officers, phlebotomists, physical therapists, respiratory therapists, occupational therapists, audiologists, speech pathologists, optometrists, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, medical laboratory scientists, medical prosthetic technicians, radiographers, social workers, and a wide variety of other human resources trained to provide some type of health care service. They often work in hospitals, health care centers, and other service delivery points, but also in academic training, research, and administration. Some provide care and treatment services for patients in private homes. Many countries have a large number of community health workers who work outside of formal health care institutions. Managers of health care services, health information technicians, and other assistive personnel and support workers are also considered a vital part of health care teams.

Health care practitioners are commonly grouped into four key fields: medical (including generalist practitioners and specialists), nursing (including various professional titles), dentistry, and allied health professions, including pharmacy, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, and many others.

Within each field, practitioners are often classified according to skill level and skill specialization. “Health professionals” are highly skilled workers, in professions that usually require extensive knowledge including university-level study leading to the award of a first degree or higher qualification. This category includes physicians, dentists, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, physiotherapists, optometrists, and others. Allied health professionals, also referred to as "health associate professionals" in the International Standard Classification of Occupations, support implementation of health care, treatment and referral plans usually established by medical, nursing, and other health professionals, and usually require formal qualifications to practice their profession. In addition, unlicensed assistive personnel assist with providing health care services as permitted.
Another way to categorize health care practitioners is according to the sub-field in which they practice, such as mental health care, pregnancy and childbirth care, surgical care, rehabilitation care, or public health.
(Adapted from Wikipedia)


Dietitians: ahli gizi; ahli/piƱata diet
Chiropractors: ahli tulang
Respiratory: pernapasan
Audiologists: audiolog
Pathologists: ahli patologi
Optometrists:  ahli mata
Require: membutuhkan; mensyaratkan
Extensive: yang luas
Physiotherapists: ahli fisioterapi
Optometrists:  ahli pemeriksa mata; dokter mata
Referral: rujukan; penyerahan
Unlicensed: tidak berizin
Assistive: yang membantu
Pregnancy: kehambilan
Surgical: pembedahan

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