24 May 2012

How to Prevent Diabetes



Activity 1
READING

Read and listen to the text carefully. Double-click on any word to find the definition in   the dictionary in bottom right position.
(From google image)
Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease and stroke by accelerating the development of clogged and hardened arteries. Foods containing the following can work against your goal of a heart-healthy diet. 
  1. Saturated fats. High-fat dairy products and animal proteins such as beef, hot dogs, sausage and bacon contain saturated fats. Get no more than 7 percent of your daily calories from saturated fat. 
  2. Trans fats. These types of fats are found in processed snacks, baked goods, shortening and stick margarines and should be avoided completely. 
  3. Cholesterol. Sources of cholesterol include high-fat dairy products and high-fat animal proteins, egg yolks, shellfish, liver and other organ meats. Aim for no more than 200 milligrams (mg) of cholesterol a day. 
  4. Sodium. Aim for less than 2,000 mg of sodium a day.
(Adapted from http://www.mayoclinic.com)

Answer the following question based on the text. You may read the glossary below first to help you understand the passage well before you decided to start answering the questions.
  1. How does diabetes increase the risk of getting heart disease and stroke?
  2. How many calories does the body need in a day?
  3. Is the dairy product bad for the body? Why?
  4. Based on the text, what should we do to avoid diabetes? 
Glossary
TULISAN
KELAS KATA
CARA UCAP
ARTI
Accelerating
Verb
әk"sel.ә.reit
Mempercepat
Clogged
Adjective
klͻg
Tersumbat
Hardened
Adjective
"ha:.dәn
Pembekuan
Artery
Noun
"a:.tәr.i
Pembuluh
Saturated
Adjective
"sæt.ju.rei.tid
Jenuh
Bacon
Noun
"bei.kәn
Daging babi yang
Diasindan dan dikukus
Dairy product
Noun
"deә.ri " "prͻd.Vkt
Produk susu
Egg yolk
Noun
eg jәuk
Kuning telur
shellfish
Noun
"∫el.fI∫
Kerang
Liver
Noun
"liv.әr
Hati
Sodium
Noun
"sәu.di.әm
Sodium

Activity 2
LISTENING
While listening, complete the text. Click the audio to hear the text. 





Diabetes in Animals

In animals, diabetes is most commonly encountered in dogs and cats. Middle-aged animals are most commonly . Female dogs are twice as likely to be affected as males, while according to some sources, male cats are also more than females. In both species, all may be affected, but some small dog breeds are particularly likely to develop diabetes, such as Miniature Poodles. The symptoms may relate to fluid loss and polyuria, but the course may also be insidious. Diabetic animals are more prone to . The long-term complications recognised in humans are much rarer in animals.

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