31 May 2012

AIDS Has No Vaccine

(From Google image)

Activity 1
READING
Read and listen to the text carefully. Double-click on any word to find the definition in   the dictionary in bottom right position.
People in every country of the world are affected by AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). HIV/AIDS is becoming more of a global crisis every day. At present, 40 million adults and children are living with HIV/AIDS, and at least 10.4 million children currently under the age of 15 have lost their mother or both parents to AIDS.
The disease increasingly affects young people. Of the 5 million new infections in 2001, approximately half are among young people between the ages of 15 and 24. Young women are especially vulnerable. An estimated 11.8 million young people are living with HIV/AIDS - 7.3 million young women and 4.5 million young men.
AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV damages the body's defences against other diseases. Medication can help people with HIV/AIDS live longer, but the disease so far has no vaccine or cure.
Prevention is the most effective strategy against the spread of HIV/AIDS. Every person in every country should know how to avoid getting and spreading the disease.
Condoms can save lives by preventing the sexual transmission of HIV Access to testing and counseling must be given high priority in every country. Everyone has the right to voluntary and confidential counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS and the right to be protected from discrimination of any kind related to her or his HIV/AIDS status.
For those living with or affected by HIV/AIDS, care and compassion are needed. Measures should be taken to remove the social, cultural and political barriers that might block access to HIV/AIDS services and programs.
(Adapted from generalhealthtopics.com)

Answer the following questions. You may read the glossary to help you understand the passage well.
  1. What are AIDS and HIV?
  2. “The disease so far has no vaccine or cure.” (Paragraph 3). What do you think of the statement?
  3. Based on the text, how to prevent AIDS?
  4. Tell about the spread of AIDS in your own area!
  5. What step should people take when they are living with or affected by HIV/AIDS?
GLOSSARY
TULISAN
KELAS KATA
CARA UCAP
ARTI
affected
verb
ә"fek.tid
dipengaruhi, dirusaki
disease
noun
di"zi:z
penyakit
vulnerable
adjective
"vɅl.nәr.ә.bl=
mudah diserang
estimated
adjective
"es.ti.mei.tid
diperkirakan
cure
noun
kjuәr
peng(obat)an
prevention
noun
pri"vent.∫әn
pencegahan
spread
noun
spred
penyebaran
confidential
adjective
‘kͻn.fi"den.t∫әl
rahasia
compassion
noun
kәm"pæ∫.әn
perasaan terharu/kasihan
measure
noun
"meʒ.әr
langkah
barrier
noun
"bær.i.әr
hambatan
Activity 2
LISTENING
While listening, complete the following text. Click the following audiopal to hear the text.



What every family and community has a right to know about HIV/AIDS
  1. AIDS is an but preventable disease. HIV the virus that AIDS, spreads through sex (intercourse without a condom), of unscreened blood, contaminated and syringes (most often those used for injecting drugs), and from an woman to her child during pregnancy, or breastfeeding.
  2. All people, including children, are at risk for HIV/AIDS. Everyone needs and education about the disease and to condoms to reduce this risk.
  3. Contact the expert

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